Panorama atual da produção de carvão vegetal no Brasil e no Cerrado.

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Autoria: DUBOC, E.; COSTA, C. J.; VELOSO, R. F.; OLIVEIRA, L. S.; PALUDO, A.

Resumo: ABSTRACT: The charcoal production from planted forests has been insufficient to take care of the demand and has implied in more pressure on the forest remainders, in special of the biome Cerrado. In 2005, the charcoal consumption in Brazil reached 38 million of MDC (Meter of Charcoal). The evolution of the charcoal consumption produced from native species passed of 86 % of the total, in 1980, to approximately 49.6 %, in 2005, whereas the charcoal produced from planted forests jumped of 14,1 %, in 1980, to 50,4 %, in 2005. Minas Gerais is the greatest consumer of charcoal and consumed 66 % of the Brazilian production, in 2005. In Brazil, in 2004, 115,580 ha of energy forests had been planted, of which 83.6 % in Minas Gerais. Of the 5,5 million tons of charcoal produced in Brazil in 2005, 34.5 % had been produced with native species of the Cerrado. Despite of the governmental incentives and the credit availability, the investments for expansion of energy forests have been limited. The introduction of technological and operational improvements in the charcoal production system can result in more economic, social and ambient efficiency. The agroforestry systems can be an economically viable activity to small agricultural producers to increase the forest products' offer.

Ano de publicação: 2007

Tipo de publicação: Folhetos

Unidade: Embrapa Cerrados

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