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Brazil is the fifth largest producer of milk in the world with 35 billion liters produced in 2015. However, Brazilian dairy farmers still need improve milk quality and reduce production costs. One of the major limiting factors to increase the efficiency and competitiveness of milk production in Brazil is the management of dairy farms. In this context, Embrapa Gado de Leite developed, in partnership with the Central Cooperative of Rural Producers of Minas Gerais -(Cooperativa Central dos Produtor

Situation: Completed     Start date: 01/05/2018

The development of the immune response in animals is quite complex and its modulation is a potential field for the maintenance of health condition of the herds. The control of the main diseases affecting animal production is made with the use of acaricides, antihelmintics and antibiotics that constitute risks to animal, human and environmental health. In this context new approaches to maintaining the health of livestock must be developed in order to minimize these risks and at the same time meet

Situation: Completed     Start date: 01/02/2018

Forage crops of the genus Brachiaria are the most important for feeding the herd in dairy farming systems in the tropics. B. ruziziensis is recognized as having the best nutritional value but is less productive than other Brachiaria species besides being susceptible to feeding damage caused by spittlebug, thus limiting its use by dairy farmers. The breeding program of B. ruziziensis, carried out by Embrapa in partnership with other institutions, has selected an improved g

Situation: Completed     Start date: 01/10/2017

Milk production systems in Brazil are based, for the most part, on the use of tropical grass pastures as the main source of nutrients for animals. Keeping high levels of pasture-based milk production depends on the following factors: supply of forage in quantity and quality, maximum duration of the grazing season, rational use of energy, protein and mineral supplements, and definition of management strategy that aims at productivity by area. Therefore, intensive pasture management results in for

Situation: Completed     Start date: 01/09/2017

In intensive milk production systems, planning roughage supplementation is critical to the success of the activity. In Brazil the main forage conservation strategy is ensilage, in which maize is the main crop used, due to its high ensilability and silage nutritive value. However, the oscillation of input prices (fertilizers, pesticides, seeds, etc.) has increased the production costs of such crop, a fact that has been pointed out by farmers as a barrier for the economic viability of the producti

Situation: Completed     Start date: 01/08/2017

In Brazil, milk production is practiced by more than one million farmers, mostly smallholders, who rely primarily on pastures and grass plantations for green chop as the most important feeding sources for their herds. One of the main demands of the farmers refers to improved forage cultivars for cutting and grazing that can meet the nutritional needs of herds throughout the year. Elephantgrass stands out as a potential fodder resource due to its high production of biomass, superior nutritional q

Situation: Completed     Start date: 01/07/2017

The identification of animals with more efficiency in feed utilization is one of the alternatives to overcome the challenges as increased production costs, increased consumer awareness regarding food safety, animal welfare and environmental impacts of the agriculture and livestock. As feeding expenses account for the main cost of livestock activity, differences among animals in converting diet to beef and milk are of great relevance. Animals that use feed more efficiently need to consume less to

Situation: Completed     Start date: 01/07/2017

Pastures of Cynodon spp. and elephantgrass ( Pennisetum purpureum Schum.) have their productivity and forage quality directly affected by weed interference. The difficulty of controlling weeds is one of the main obstacles to growing and using these forage crops as an input in animal feeding, as well as in the production of elephantgrass biomass for energy use. Despite the progress in agroecological weed control techniques, herbicides are still indispensable, especially in crops on ...

Situation: Completed     Start date: 01/07/2017

Vaccination of animals as a method of controlling infectious diseases has been practiced for more than a century with remarkable success. The demand for more effective vaccines tends to grow as an alternative to the use of medicines and as a way to increase animal productivity, contribute to food safety and promote animal and human health. In addition, by minimizing the need for pharmacological interventions, the reduction of drug residues in the environment and in food is favored. As the use of

Situation: Completed     Start date: 01/02/2017

Minas Gerais accounts for 27.6% of the national milk production, standing out as the largest producing state in the country. Although statistics show a constant evolution in the milk production chain in Brazil, in recent years dairy farming has faced new challenges and, in this scenario, with low profit margins, it is necessary to increase the efficiency of milk production systems, which still have many constraints. Among these, infecto-contagious diseases stand out, with mastitis being the main

Situation: Completed     Start date: 01/08/2016