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Due to the importance of leguminous vegetables for human diets, the year of 2016 was declared by FAO the International Year of Pulses. Pulses are well appreciated in Brazil, and are consumed either fresh or in the form of processed products. Internal consumption has required frequent imports of such pulses; for peas and chickpeas alone, they represented US$ 14 million a year. The domestic market tends to expand due to the constant association of such foods with a series of attributes of high foo

Status: Completed     Start date: 01/11/2016

The organic production of vegetables is an activity of major social and economic importance in Brazil's Distrito Federal, and it has grown about 30% larger every year, causing a higher demand for knowledge on the establishment of new crops. Tomato is one of the main cultivated vegetables in terms of economic importance, which is central to the management of organic vegetable plots due to countless related plant health problems. From an agroecological standpoint, environmental diversification is

Status: Completed     Start date: 01/11/2008

The manual harvest of pepper fruits is difficult mostly due to the plants' low heights and the fruit's pungency, which causes irritation and burns the hands of harvesters. Such aspects partly explain the scarcity of labor for the pepper harvest. In addition, in the Brazilian and international market there are no jalapeño cultivars developed for mechanized harvesting. Therefore, this project aims at the development of new jalapeño cultivars adapted to mechanized harvest - with suitable plant arch ...

Status: Completed     Start date: 01/01/2015

In last the two decades, the melon agribusiness in Brazil has expanded nine times, reaching a production that is estimated at 500,000 tons per year and is concentrated in the Northeast. Since 2007, melons have become the main national fruit in volume of exports, and in 2008 Brazil was the second top world exporter. Nearly all melon cultivars planted in the Northeast are imported, and hence there is demand for more adapted ones, as the cultivars available were generally developed in soil and clim

Status: Completed     Start date: 01/04/2012

Whitefly is currently one of the main pests in Brazil. The insect causes direct damages (sap suction, toxin injection, and physiological disorders) and indirect damages (helping sooty mold grow and transmitting phytopathogenic viruses). Reports of damages started right after its entrance in the country, the likely source of which has been traced to an import of ornamental plants in the 1990s. After this introduction, the insect became very well adapted to Brazilian cropping conditions and spread

Status: Completed     Start date: 01/09/2014

Smallholder Capsicum pepper growers in Uganda are operating below the ideal levels of agricultural production due to a lack of improved varieties, low quality seed systems and the devastation caused by pests and diseases. The damages caused by diseases are aggravated by the cultivation of susceptible germplasm and the use of poor quality seeds. In order to increase production and competitiveness in the market, farmers need to have access to clean seeds of cultivars that are tolerant to diseas

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Status: Completed     Start date: 01/06/2015

The tomato is one of the most cultivated vegetables in the world, and is the target of countless plant health problems. Embrapa Vegetables has historically produced research in plant health within this production chain under the scope of the Tomato Genetic Improvement Project. However, the increasing demand for studies aimed at perfecting pest diagnosis methods and generating essential information for management has signaled the need to create a specific plant health project. Thus, this project

Status: Completed     Start date: 01/10/2012

Pepper (Capsicum spp.) is a high-yield commodity in Togo(Maatman, and the Al., 2011). The local pepper varieties are preferred and widely consumed, but there are no commercial seeds available in the market, or a Capsicum breeding program in Togo. Farmers themselves perpetuate the local varieties by collecting seeds of commercial fruits for the next sowing. Through a participatory research approach, this project aims at: 1) Selecting two local red pepper varieties and two bell pepper varieties th

Status: Completed     Start date: 01/06/2015

Garlic cultivation has a major social impact, generating four direct and four indirect jobs per hectare planted in the production chain. More than 60% of Brazilian garlic production is in family-based properties. Since 2004, as planted area has been reduced to an average of 8,000 hectares, there was an estimated loss of 24,000 direct posts. In 2008, Brazil imported a volume equivalent to the production of 15,000 hectares, corresponding to 130,000 jobs outside Brazil. There has been a significant

Status: Completed     Start date: 01/11/2009

*Content available only in Portuguese

A produção de minicenouras “Cenourete” e “Catetinho” foi viabilizada pelo lançamento de uma série de equipamentos de baixo custo e da cultivar de cenoura “Esplanada”. Essa tecnologia, apesar de já adotada, requer ajustes no sistema de produção da matéria-prima e no processo industrial, de modo a aumentar o rendimento industrial, reduzir o custo final do produto e garantir a qualidade nutricional e microbiológica do produto processado. Para aumentar a produção de raízes adequadas para processamen ...

Status: Completed     Start date: 01/06/2007