Innovation Network in animal reproduction

Innovation Network In Animal Reproduction

Animal biotechnology in the selection, multiplication, biological safety, interchange and dissemination of genetic resources in different production systems aiming at competitiveness of national livestock (01/2009)

Abstract

This project aims to sort more efficiently the different actions of research, development and innovation, linked to new technologies of assisted reproduction, including related areas, involving animal germplasm. In this way, the proposal seeks to broaden activities developed with partners from different areas, better exploit multi-disciplinary aspects and, above all, develop strategies that can contribute to increase the competitiveness of Brazilian livestock. The proposal includes the following areas of knowledge: reproduction, genetics, health and nutrition. It consists of 10 component projects that collectively address the aspects of Research Development and Innovation. The component projects Quality of Gametes PC04, Embryo Productions (PC05), Clones Production (PC06) and Production of Transgenic Animals (PC07) constitute a Nucleus of Advanced Biology strongly associated to the CP Nutrition (PC03) and Health Safety of Semen, oocyte and embryo (PC02), as a "recipient "of information and as a "supplier" of knowledge with the Genetic Resources/Improvement (PC08) and Validation of Technologies/Products (PC09). The PC10 Innovation is the instrument of articulation of the Network with the productive sector and therefore it permeates all other CPs with exception of CP Management, which articulates and monitors the entire Network. Among all CPs there is an exchange of information and technical interdependence, although some of them can supply/receive more than the others. Innovation focuses capacity building of human resources and the insertion of technologies generated/adapted in the diverse productive chains. The cryopreservation, the species and the actions of molecular biology are transversal actions. Actions complementary to the ones proposed herein, could be included in as the Network is able to establish new partnerships and attract additional financial resources.

Characterization of the Problem Focused by the Network Project

Increasingly demanding consumers and meat and milk production systems pressured by other segments of agriculture, clearly establish that the research challenge is focused on the increase in productivity, cost reduction and food quality improvement. The production itself (actions before the "gate") is built on classic pillars of animal production: genetic, sanitary, nutritional component, handling and reproduction. The range of assumptions, quality and costs is directly related to the production system and the adoption of technological innovations by the productive sector. In a general way, the large and "mega" livestock-oriented enterprises demand and adopt state of art technologies, the same not occurring among those with a small-scale production, although important to the country's total production. Within that context, the Network proposes to assist in developing technology options that can meet different production systems in the different Brazilian ecosystems, without losing sight of the quality of the product and the pay of the country man.

As great challenges justifying the proposal of the Network it is possible to list:

  1. To elaborate a program instrument with the purpose of ordaining on a more efficient way the different research actions, development and innovation, associated to the assisted reproduction technologies and related areas such as genetics, health and nutrition;
  2. To foster actions to promote the identification and the dissemination o f higher genetic material, and the development of models for milk and meat exploitation in the different ecosystems, with the due health safety; 2) to develop innovating technologies capable of improving the Brazilian livestock competitiveness;
  3. To provide the country with laboratory infrastructure and skilled human resources capable of quickly responding to the market demands;
  4. To level the technological status among the different species of zootechnical interest (bovine, ovine, caprine, bubaline, equine and swine);
  5. To generate basic knowledge and in related strategic areas, which shall drive the agriculture sector, as well as other sectors, such as human health.

The development of several reproduction biotechnologies, such as the artificial dissemination (AD), super ovulation (SOV), collection and transfer of embryos (TE), in vitro production of embryos (VPE), cloning by Nuclear transfer (NT) and transgenic organism, may greatly contribute with the programs of animal improvement (Franco & Melo, 2006).

As regards sanitary issues, although the main focus of the Network is on the control of diseases in donor/recipient animals of embryos and in the biological safety of semen, oocytes and embryos, the possibility of producing animals more adapted to ecosystems and production systems, shall lead to a reduction in the use of inputs such as food and drugs, contributing to the final quality of the product.

The nutritional features approached in the project are intended to the improvement of the reproductive function and the quality of the gametes and embryos, which allows a greater efficiency in the processing and use of this genetic material.