Food Security in Mozambique
International technical cooperation project "Technical Support to Nutrition Programs and Food Security in Mozambique". Trilateral initiative between Brazil, United States and Mozambique mainly concerned with strengthening vegetable production by family and/or subsistence farmers and directing the fresh and processed products to the market at the capital, Maputo.
The objective was to contribute to food security of Mozambicans by making the country self-sufficient in vegetable production. The project has been developed in support of food security and nutrition programs under the scope of the GHFSI - Global Initiative to Fight Hunger and Food Security.
Taking place from 2011 to 2015, the project's sources of funds were the governments of Brazil, through the Brazilian Cooperation Agency (ABC), of the United States, through the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and of Mozambique, represented by the Mozambique Institute for Agricultural Research (IIAM). Embrapa was responsible for the implementation on the Brazilian side, while the University of Florida and the State University of Michigan, in the US, and the Mozambique Institute of Agricultural Research (IIAM) were project co-executors.
The project was responsible for the introduction of Brazilian vegetable cultivars in Mozambique, the assessment of irrigation systems, and the systematization of an experiment area for research in organic vegetable production at the IIAM's Umbeluzi experimental station. It collected significant results, such as human resource capacity-building through courses conducted in Brazil, USA, and Mozambique, as well as direct training of researchers, technicians, extension agents and farmers in Mozambique in the "learning by doing" format. More than 70 different varieties of vegetable species have been tested, demonstrating adaptability of many of them. In the end, the technical results achieved were compiled into a book launched via the trilateral cooperation.