Integrated crop-livestock-forest (ICLF)

Integrated crop-livestock-forest (ICLF) is an agricultural production strategy that integrates different production systems — agricultural, livestock and forestry — within the same area. It can be implemented using mixed, rotating, or succession crops, so that there is interaction between each component, thus generating mutual benefits.

ICLF can be implemented in different ways, with a wide range of crops and various animal species. It is adaptable to regional characteristics, climatic conditions, the local market, and the producer’s profile, and can be adopted by small, medium, and large producers.

ICLF can be used in different configurations, combining two or three components in one production system:





  • Optimization and intensification of soil nutrient cycling
  • Biodiversity conservation and sustainable agriculture
  • Increase in net income allowing greater capitalization for the producer
  • Improvement of the quality and conservation of the soil’s productive characteristics
  • Increased production of grains, meat, milk, timber, and non-timber products from the same area
  • Greater efficiency in the use of resources (water, light, nutrients and capital) and increased energy balance
  • Applicable to farms of all sizes and profiles
  • Reduction of labor seasonality and rural flight
  • Improvement of animal welfare due to greater thermal comfort
  • Mitigation of greenhouse gas
  • Creation of direct and indirect jobs
  • Improving the public image of farmers within the society
  • Pressure release, by creating new areas of native vegetation
  • Greater optimization of processes and production factors
  • Economic stability, by reducing risk and uncertainty through production diversification





ICLF Network


ICLF Network Association is a public-private partnership formed by Bradesco, Cocamar, John Deere, Soesp, Syngenta and Embrapa. Its objective is to accelerate the wide adoption of integrated crop-livestock-forest systems by rural producers as part of an effort aimed at the sustainable intensification of Brazilian agriculture.

Initiated in 2012, the Network, which is co-financed by private companies and by Embrapa, supports a network of 107 Technological Reference Units (TRUs) distributed in all Brazilian biomes and involving the participation of 20 Embrapa Research Centers.


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Por: SUSSAI, Juliana

Eucalipto em área experimental de Sistema Integração Lavoura-Pecuária-Floresta na Embrapa Pecuária Sudeste, São Carlos (SP).

Por: MAIO, Ana

Gado da raça Canchim em área de sistema integrado com árvores nativas, Fazenda Canchim, São Carlos - SP.

Por: ROSSO, Gisele

Desbaste de árvores em sistemas integrados.

Por: ROSSO, Gisele

Desbaste de árvores em sistemas integrados.

Por: MAIO, Ana

Gado de leite em sistema integrado com árvores, Fazenda Canchim, São Carlos-SP.